Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic endocrine disorder. It is a chronic non-communicable disease which generally start over a period of time and may progress without any symptoms. Thus, many people are accidentally detected during a general health screening.
It is a condition characterized by elevated blood sugar (hyperglycemia) due to lack of insulin. Insulin is important for the metabolism of glucose and its deficiency leads to high blood sugar due to lack glucose metabolism. Poor management of this hyperglycemia could lead to several complications.
Approximately 425 million adults (20-79 years) were living with diabetes; by 2045 this will rise to 629 million. The proportion of people with type 2 diabetes is increasing in most countries 79% of adults with diabetes were living in low- and middle-income countries.
The greatest number of people with diabetes were between 40 and 59 years of age and about 212 million people with diabetes were undiagnosed and its recorded to have caused about 4 million deaths.
Diabetes caused at least USD 727 billion dollars in health expenditure in 2017 with 12% of total spending on adults. Also more than 1,106,500 children were living with type 1 diabetes with more than 21 million live births (1 in 7 births) were affected by diabetes during pregnancy. WHO projects that DM will be a seventh leading cause of death in 2030.
There are two types of DM; Type 1 also known as insulin dependent and Type 2 also known non insulin dependent. Type 2 is the most common of the two with about 352 million people at risk of developing it.
Type 2 DM is a preventable disease with simple life style modification like diet and regular exercise. Also, DM can be controlled and compilation can be prevented with early diagnosis and prompt treatment.
Risk factors include:
Family history, Older than 45years, High blood pressure, Gestation DM, Body mass index greater than 25kg, Waist circumference greater than 40 inches for men and 35 inches for women and Physical inactivity.
Symptoms may include:
Fatigue, Weight loss, Excessive thirst, Constant hunger, Frequent urination, Poor or delayed wound healing and Blurring of vision.
Steps to reduce risk and healthy weight include:
Eat balance diet and at appropriate time
Be active- do one sport
Get screened at least once in a year
Avoid tobacco and alcohol
Avoid processed foodsAlpha Care3 Alpha Care1 Alpha Care2
Seek medical advice.
The campaign awareness about this disease requires the input of all sectors: the government, employers, educators, civil society, manufacturers, private sectors, the mass media and individuals in the prevention of DM.
The aim of ALPHACARES HEALTH FOUNDATION is to increase awareness about the prevalent of DM and encouraged people to go for screening to prevent last minutes actions.
NOTE: AlphaCares Health Foundation is not only into awareness on diabetes mellitus but health in general. And “health is defined as state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. – World Health Organization. WHO assert that physical and mental well-being is a human right, enabling a life without limitation or restriction.
Improving and maintain sustainable good health care involve creating awareness for all and sundry and in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, The AlphaCares Health Foundation endeavours to educate, empower, and campaign for accessible, affordable and sustainable health.